Category Archives: Mobility

BY JULIA B. ISAACS, The Brookings Institution

INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS OF

ECONOMIC MOBILITY

reedom from the constraints of aristocratic society lured many of our ancestors tocross the ocean to the New World. European visitors such as Alexis de Tocqueville marveled at the economic dynamism and social mobility of American society in the first half of the nineteenth century.1 More recently, immigrants continue to cross our boundaries in search of the promise of the American Dream. Given this history, many Americans believe that the opportunities for moving up the economic ladder are greater in the United States than they arein other countries. But is this widely held assumption of greater […]

Book Review: Toxic Inequality

I just returned from an awesome family vacation in Peru. Although certainly not the highlight of the trip, six plane flights and two lengthy train rides made for a lot of reading. I finished Shattered , the inside look at the Clinton 2016 campaign, then read Locking Up Our Own , an analysis of how black leadership in Washington, DC, helped pave the way to mass incarceration of black Americans, and Toxic Inequality , by Thomas Shapiro, which, of all the books I’ve read on the subject of economic inequality, is one of the very best in terms of […]

Widespread job loss puts college in jeopardy for next generation


Financial and emotional stress lowers college attendance.

In a new Science study , researchers have found that the negative effects of job loss aren’t limited to the families of those that have lost their jobs, but extends to the entire community. Children in these communities suffer mental health challenges that lowers their test scores, and their chances of attending university. African-American students and those from the poorest families are most affected.

We spoke to one of the authors, Elizabeth O. Ananat from Duke University about the study. ResearchGate: What motivated this study? Elizabeth O. Ananat: Many economists had claimed that […]

The Hoarding of the American Dream


There’s a certain type of financial confessional that has had a way of going viral in the post-recession era. The University of Chicago law professor complaining his family was barely keeping their heads above water on $250,000 a year . This hypothetical family of three in San Francisco making $200,000, enjoying vacations to Maui, and living hand-to-mouth. This real New York couple making a six figures and merely “ scraping by .”

In all of these viral posts, denizens of the upper-middle class were attempting to make the case for their middle classness. Taxes are expensive. Cities are expensive. Tuition […]

Meet Camille Busette, new director of the Race, Place, and Economic Mobility Initiative

Camille Busette, Senior Fellow, Director of Place, Race, and Economic Mobility

Camille Busette I’m Camille Busette, I’m a senior fellow in Governance Studies and I head up the new Race, Place, and Economic Mobility initiative here at Brookings.

Q: Where did you grow up?

A: I grew up in a variety of places actually, which I think has made me very much who I am. I was born in Los Angeles. I grew up in New York City, and then toward the end of high school my family moved to Sacramento, California where I finished up high school; and then I went on to University of California, Berkeley for college.But […]

The Hoarding of the American Dream


There’s a certain type of financial confessional that has had a way of going viral in the post-recession era. The University of Chicago law professor complaining his family was barely keeping their heads above water on $250,000 a year . This hypothetical family of three in San Francisco making $200,000, enjoying vacations to Maui, and living hand-to-mouth. This real New York couple making six figures and merely “ scraping by .”

In all of these viral posts, denizens of the upper-middle class were attempting to make the case for their middle class-ness. Taxes are expensive. Cities are expensive. Tuition is […]

Migrant pupils falling behind at reading, research shows

A 2016 study from Germany shows teachers expected lower performances from their Turkish students in German and maths. Photograph: iStock

Achievement gap is ‘not large’ compared to many other developed countries

A 2016 study from Germany shows teachers expected lower performances from their Turkish students in German and maths. Photograph: iStock Many migrant children are falling behind on reading performance compared to their classmates, according to evidence to be presented at a conference at Maynooth University .

Overall, first generation migrants in developed countries perform on average 10 per cent worse than students without an migrant background when it comes to reading performance.While Ireland is slightly ahead of the OECD average, there remains a significant gap between migrants and non-migrants […]

Today’s News from Inside Higher Ed


iStock

The ripple effects of large-scale job losses linger for years and can keep adolescents from attending college later in life, according to new research carrying significant ramifications for policy makers, college recruiters and counselors.

Poor middle school and high school students who live through major job losses in their region attend college at significantly lower rates when they are 19 years old, according to new research published in the June 16 issue of the journal Science . A 7 percent state job loss when a student is an adolescent is tied to a 20 percent decline in likelihood that the […]

University ranks last in economic mobility and diversity among elite public colleges

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Through the University of Michigan is currently embarking upon a series of Diversity, Equity & Inclusion initiatives , the University still ranks low nationally in socioeconomic diversity among students.

According to a recent report by the Equality of Opportunity Project—further covered in the New York Times’ The Upshot— the median family income of a student at the University is $154,000 — the highest of 27 public colleges classified as “highly selective.”

The Upshot also highlighted that 66 percent of students come from the top 20 percent of the income distribution, while 9.3 percent of the student body come from the top […]

‘Stuck in their ways’: how we blame the poor for their failure to embrace globalisation

lisa mckenzie

We find it easier to talk about class in purely economic terms. Lisa McKenzie argues that in fact our perceptions of class are tightly bound up in stigmatising value judgments. The same impulse that condemned the ‘undeserving poor’ to workhouses is apparent in condemnation of the poor for their attachment to the local in the face of a globalised economy. Some of the author’s interviewees. Photo: Lisa McKenzie Class division and the social sciences

Over the past century, the Marxist theory of class inequality based on who owns the means of production has been challenged – and rightly so, […]